Scientific Sessions

Understanding Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women and the second main cause of cancer death in women. For better understanding of what is breast cancer one should know the breast cancer symptoms, breast cancer facts, causes of breast cancer. This session is all about the symptoms, causes, facts and other relevant information about breast cancer which will be delivered by breast oncologist and doctors.


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Types of breast cancer

Classification of breast cancer in based on the region of development of the tumor, its nature and also by the specific cells in the breast that are affected. This session includes in detailed explanations and discussions about the types of breast cancer which are Ductal carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma and other types likes inflammatory breast cancer, Paget disease of the nipple, Phyllodes tumor, Angiosarcoma.  This session on types of breast cancer will be making you aware of the types of breast cancer diagnosed in women and which will be explained by various breast oncologist and doctors.


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Screening, Diagnosis and monitoring at different stages


Screening and diagnosis are done by self-examination of breast, mammography, ultra sound testing, MRI scan and biopsy. Diagnosis helps in staging the cancer by determining the tumor size, how far it has spread, whether it is invasive or non-invasive, whether it has metastasized, or spread to other parts of the body. Doctors, radiologist and specialized oncologist in the field of breast cancer will be demonstrating about different screening procedures and will be explaining the self-examination steps and also suggesting about the best methods for proper diagnosis and screening.


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Gene functions and genomics of breast cancer

The entire DNA contained in the nucleus of our cells makes up your genome. Inside the nucleus of the cells, the genome is packaged into two sets of chromosomes: one set from your mother and one set from your father. The DNA in the chromosomes contains genes, which encode foe a specific function in our body, in the alphabet of our genes there are four letters: A, C, G and T and they are arranged in a particular sequence. Genomics is the study of the sequence of these letters in your DNA and how each particular genes passes information to help each cell in your body work properly.

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Genetic epidemiology of breast cancer

The scientific study of factors responsible for the initiation, metastasis and prognosis of various types of cancer in a particular group of population represents Breast Cancer Epidemiology. Breast Cancer epidemiologic study includes the distribution, determinants, and frequency of malignant disease in specific populations. Epidemiological research findings on Breast cancer can facilitate the formulation of suitable therapeutic treatment methods and preventive medicines for breast cancer.


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Antibody Therapy and Bio markers In breast cancer

Biomolecules which help in identifying the normal as well as abnormal changes occurring in our body and may indicate the onset or the presence of certain diseases. Our body contains certain biomolecules like proteins, hormones, DNA or genes which serve as biomarkers as they indicate the health status of our body and its functions. Most of these biomarkers are found to be proteins.

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Breast cancer in men

Breast cancer can also occur in men, which is usually very rare. It is commonly seen in older men but it can occur at any age. Early stage diagnosis of breast cancer in men has a good chance for cure.

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Breast cancer stages, medications and surgery preferences

Breast cancer stages are diagnosis based which is according to the size of the tumor, whether it has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body. It describes how much cancer is in the body and helps in determining the seriousness of cancer. Some of the staging systems are 0-4th stage system and another one is TNM system.

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Mastectomy prosthesis and breast reconstruction

Reconstruction recreates the breast so that it looks similar to the other breast. This can be done at the same time of surgery (mastectomy) or at later phase. Breast reconstruction depends on your age, body type, and treatment plan. Some of the methods of breast reconstruction are Breast Implants, Skin Grafts and Transplant, and Additional Cosmetic Details. Women with cosmetic breast implants are diagnosed with higher risk

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Clinical trials and improvised treatment

Research and clinical trials have helped in the progress of treatment of cancers. Clinical trials are designed to find whether new approaches are safe and effective. At present a lot of research is being carried out on breast cancer in different parts of the world, different scientist and researchers are involved in exploring and innovating new ways with different hypothesis as well as experimenting with newly invented drugs for treatment. Researchers will be revealing out different research going on in the respective field and also about the clinical trials of newly invented drugs.

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Treatment-Radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone therap

Treatment depends on the type of cancer, the individual patient and its stage. It involves surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Doctors should be able to give someone a clear description of the type of breast cancer along with the treatments options that are appropriate to one’s case.

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Innovations in Targeted Therapy

Targeted drugs are designed to block the growth and spread of cancer cells. These drugs work differently from chemotherapy drugs, which attack all cells that are growing quickly (including cancer cells). Targeted drugs sometimes work even when chemo drugs do not. Some targeted drugs can help other types of treatment work better. Targeted drugs also tend to have different side effects than chemo.

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Risk factor

It tells the probability of a person getting affected by breast cancer. It includes age, family history, personal history, menstruation, breast tissue, lifestyle, and race.

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Molecular cancer biology of breast cancer

Cell division is a highly regulated process in which its growth and inheritance are controlled by its DNA or genetic material. Cell division occurs when they receive a proper signal from the growth factors which are present and keep circulating in the bloodstream or when they are signaled by a nearby cell to which they are directly connected. 

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Breast Cancer Stem Cells

Cell within a tumor that possess the capacity to self-renew and to cause the heterogeneous lineages of breast cancer cells that comprise the tumor. Breast cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide. It has been identified a small population of cancer stem cells within breast cancer. Using cells from primary breast tumors and metastatic pleural effusions, they demonstrated that as few as a hundred cells expressing the adhesion molecule CD44, the epithelial surface antigen,  and did not express CD24 or it was low-expressed were able to sustain growth when injected into mammary fat pads of non-obese diabetic severe combined immune deficient immune compromised mice. 

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IDC type Breast Cancer

Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), sometimes called infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is the most common type of breast cancer. About 80% of all breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinomas. Invasive means that the cancer has “invaded” or spread to the surrounding breast tissues. Ductal means that the cancer began in the milk ducts, which are the “pipes” that carry milk from the milk-producing lobules to the nipple. Carcinoma refers to any cancer that begins in the skin or other tissues that cover internal organs such as breast tissue. All together, “invasive ductal carcinoma” refers to cancer that has broken through the wall of the milk duct and begun to invade the tissues of the breast.

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Triple negative Breast cancer

Triple-negative breast cancer is cancer that tests negative for estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, and excess HER2 protein. Cell receptors are special proteins found inside and on the surface of cells. These receptor proteins are the “eyes” and “ears” of the cells, receiving messages from substances in the bloodstream and then telling the cells what to do. Hormone receptors inside and on the surface of healthy breast cells receive messages from the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The hormones attach to the receptors and provide instructions that help the cells continue to grow and function well. Most, but not all, breast cancer cells also have these hormone receptors.

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Psychological impact and rehabilitation of breast cancer pat

Emotional issues like depression, anxiety and fear arise in women during treatment as well as after


In younger breast cancer survivors, changes in appearance and sexuality have been stressful and for some women chemotherapy has caused early menopause which is very distressing on its own. Being diagnosed with breast cancer, it leaves a devastating effect on the mental health of women, and also makes difficult for women to cope up with it.

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Lifestyle and medication of breast cancer patients

Lifestyle of people tells about their health, like the food habits, sleep, exercise, body weight, alcohol consumption, work culture. Lifestyle factors also affect the risk of breast cancer. So patients need a proper guidance for a proper recovery and prevention from reoccurrence of breast cancer or any other complications.

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Case studies-pre and post Treatment

There are both survivors and sufferers of breast cancer. Case studies are meant to broaden the knowledge about breast cancer regarding to the nursing interventions and medical management. It includes in detailed study of a patient with various assessment strategies which includes present illness, past medical history, family medical history, gynecological and social history

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